2024, Indonesia Ready for Online Election?

Uzone.id – There is an interesting initiative from the Minister of Communication and Information, Johnny G. Plate regarding the 2024 General Election. According to him, it is time for Indonesia to implement digitalization by holding e-voting, aka online elections.

Johnny said that the 2024 election could be a momentum to produce future leaders for Indonesia with a commitment to digitizing the country.

“The adoption of digital technology in election activities has the benefit of realizing effectiveness and efficiency in the political contestation process that is legitimate both at the voter stage, voter identity verification, voting, vote counting, to transmission and tabulation of election results,” said Johnny at the Election Digitalization Coordination Meeting for the Digitalization of Indonesia, which took place in a hybrid manner from Hilton Resort Nusa Dua, Badung, Bali, Tuesday ( 22/03).

In the meeting attended by commissioners, structural and functional officials of the General Elections Commission, Johnny gave an example of the Baltic country in Northern Europe, Estonia which has become a leading country because of its success in adopting digital voting.

“Through free, fair and secure online voting, as well as through an e-vote system or internet voting, Estonia has been doing it since 2005 and has a digital electoral system at the city, state and European Union level that has been used by 46 ,7 percent of the population. So it’s nothing new, including this KPU has been preparing for it for a long time,” he explained.

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Johnny also added that the digitization of the election stages is also underway in India. According to him, the General Election Commission of the country with the second largest population in the world is collaborating with a university to develop blockchain technology.

“At the moment India is now using it! India is using blockchain to support remote voting in elections (televoting). It is expected to be realized in the upcoming 2024 Indian general election, just like us. So if we do benchmarks and exchange of information and knowledge studies, as well as experiences can be done with them,” he said again.

Citing data from the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, Johnny explained that the stages of electronic voting or e-voting have been used in 34 countries in the world, carried out in various forms and levels.

The implementation of e-voting involves the election management body or electoral management board at the national and sub-national scales, such as the election of members of the regional legislature.

“When compiling the codification of the law, I made a working visit including to Germany and discussed it with the General Elections Agency. I was a member of the DPR at that time. Now it is a reference for general elections, because the law has not been changed or amended and has not been revised,” he said.

The important thing to pay attention to together is not only the digital process. However, it is more about the community’s readiness to maintain the level of trust in every stage of the election, including during data verification and re-verification.

“This is what we need to pay close attention to and the trend of digitizing elections can also be seen from the variety of visions and their adoption in the voting stages in several countries in the world,” he continued.

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In Johnny’s eyes, digital transformation at the global level affects various human activities. Therefore, the digitization of elections is a necessity as part of the practice of democracy and the manifestation of the sovereignty of the Indonesian people.

However, Johnny believes that the trend of digitization has encouraged the emergence of the cyber election era which is marked by several characteristics.

“First is the existence of digital innovation as part of the solution. Second, data flow and communication. Third, regarding the characteristics of the acceleration of the rate of communication. Fourth, data commodification electoralsaid Johnny.

Regarding digital innovation, Minister Johnny stated that technically the government’s efforts to accelerate ICT infrastructure development are expected to facilitate digitization.

Johnny did not forget to remind one of the biggest challenges related to legitimacy. Therefore, Minister Johnny encourages joint efforts to convince the public so that the legitimacy of digital elections can be accepted.

“We must be able to ensure, convince the people of the legitimacy of the general election through a legitimacy process. So that the existence of digital innovation is part of the solution,” concluded Johnny.

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