22 Percent of World’s Citizens Are Predicted To Be Obese By 2045

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines obesity as an excessive accumulation of fat due to an imbalance in energy intake (energy intake) with the energy used (energy expenditure).

In addition, based on 2016 WHO data, more than 1.9 billion people over the age of 18 are overweight (overweight), while the number of obese people is 650 million!

Of course, this cannot be underestimated because obesity leads to the development of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). That’s why Nutrifood held an online #BeatObesity community festival on Monday (7/3/2022) with the theme “Young People Against Obesity”.

One of the speakers presented was dr. Esti Widiastuti, M.ScPH, Coordinator of Substance Prevention and Control of Diabetes Mellitus and Metabolic Disorders of the Indonesian Ministry of Health, who spoke about “Policies and Strategies for Control of Obesity in Indonesia”. Listen, come on!

1. Can be known by calculating body mass index

22 Percent of World Population Predicted To Be Obese By 2045obesity illustration (unsplash.com/AllGo – An App For Plus Size People)

Perhaps, some of us have difficulty distinguishing between overweight and obese people. According to dr. Esti, the limit refers to the body mass index (BMI).

BMI is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women. The formula for calculating it is weight (in kilograms) divided by height squared (in meters). Have you found the result? Here’s the categorization:

  • Under 17: Very skinny.
  • 17-18.5: Skinny.
  • 18.5-25: Normal.
  • 25-27: Fat or overweight.
  • 27 and over: Obesity.

2. Can also measure the circumference of the stomach

22 Percent of World Population Predicted To Be Obese By 2045illustration of measuring abdominal circumference (pixabay.com/jarmoluk)

In addition, dr. Esti also explained about central obesity. This term refers to excessive belly fat that accumulates and tends to have a negative impact on health.

How to find out is easy, namely by measuring the circumference of the stomach. A man is said to have central obesity if his stomach circumference is more than 90 cm and above 80 cm for women.

“Central obesity cases in Indonesia over the age of 15 were 18.8 percent in 2007, 26.6 percent in 2013, and 31 percent in 2018,” he explained.

Do not underestimate central obesity because it is at higher risk for developing various diseases such as stroke, diabetes, hypertension, osteoarthritis, fatty liver, sleep apneaand many more, to quote Bangkok Hospital.

3. Obesity cases continue to rise from year to year

22 Percent of World Population Predicted To Be Obese By 2045illustration of obese people (unsplash.com/AllGo – An App For Plus Size People)

Doctor Esti presented data related to obesity on a global and national scale. According to him, the prevalence of obesity worldwide tripled in 2016 compared to 1975.

In fact, according to The 2018 Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria, 22 percent of the world’s population is predicted to be obese by 2045! In addition, it is estimated that 1 in 8 people will develop type 2 diabetes, up 9 percent compared to 2017.

In Indonesia, obesity cases also tend to increase. The prevalence of obesity in people over 18 years of age was 11.7 percent in 2010, as much as 15.4 percent in 2013, and 21.8 percent in 2018.

In fact, obesity is also found among toddlers! In 2018 the cases were 8 percent, then decreased to 4.5 percent in 2019, and as many as 3.8 percent in 2021.

Also read: 8 Facts about the Okinawan Japanese Diet, You Can Live 15 Years Longer

4. Is a risk factor for non-communicable diseases and death

22 Percent of World Population Predicted To Be Obese By 2045heart disease illustration (pixabay.com/Pexels)

Obesity is a risk factor for non-communicable diseases and the 5th highest cause of death. Obesity contributed to deaths from heart disease (5.87 percent of total deaths) as well as diabetes and kidney disease (1.84 percent of total deaths).

Data from Global Burden of Disease quoted by dr. Esti shows that obesity increases the risk of diabetes mellitus almost twofold and almost four times the risk of comorbid diabetes mellitus-hypertension.

In fact, according to the statement American Medical Association (AMA) in 2013, obesity is not just overweight, but is categorized as a disease, so interventions are needed to prevent and control it.

5. Technological advances contribute to obesity

22 Percent of World Population Predicted To Be Obese By 2045illustration of food delivery service (pexels.com/Norma Mortenson)

Obesity is strongly influenced by technological advances, industrialization, and globalization. According to data from the Basic Health Research (Riskesdas), as many as 33.5 percent of people lack physical activity and rarely move and exercise.

“One of the factors that causes obesity is technology. In the past, we had to work hard to eat, whether it was cooking or buying on foot. Now with the ease of application, we (can) order food by snapping our fingers,” said dr. esti.

In addition, we are too dependent on means of transportation such as motorbikes or cars. In fact, using a motorbike to go to a mini market which is only hundreds of meters away is a common sight.

To move channel TV doesn’t even need to move your body because there are remote control. Technology that is too indulgent for humans is what makes obesity cases continue to increase.

6. Adjust the diet is one solution

22 Percent of World Population Predicted To Be Obese By 2045illustration of eating vegetables (unsplash.com/Nutriciously)

Still referring to Riskesdas data, around 95.4 percent of Indonesians consume less vegetables and fruit. In addition, we do not calculate the intake of sugar, salt, and fat (GGL) consumed every day.

Doctor Esti provides guidance on the right EGG dosage. For sugar, a maximum of 4 tablespoons (sdm) or 50 grams per day, salt 1 teaspoon (tsp) or 2,000 mg per day, and fat 5 tablespoons or 67 grams per day.

Adjust your diet according to my plate-filling guide. For people of normal weight, divide the plate into two parts. Of half a plate, 2/3 is carbohydrates and 1/3 is protein. The other half of the plate, fill 2/3 with vegetables and 1/3 fruit.

However, for obese people it’s different again. Divide the plate into four equal parts. Then, fill each section with carbohydrates, proteins, vegetables, and fruits, dr. Esti recommends.

Also Read: Around 42 Million Children in the World are Obese, Take a peek at the following 7 facts!