Have you ever experienced bleeding during or after sex? No need to worry, because this is quite common.
Based on research in Journal of Menopausal Medicine In 2015, about 63 percent of postmenopausal women experienced vaginal bleeding and dryness during sex.
There are many reasons why bleeding occurs during or after sex, especially for women. Find out more details here!
1. Signs of sexually transmitted diseases
Reported NetdoctorBleeding during sex can be caused by a sexually transmitted disease. You should see a doctor because this could be a sign of chlamydia or gonorrhea.
Meanwhile, quoting Selfchlamydia can cause cervicitis or inflammation of the cervix, which makes the vagina very sensitive during sex and triggers bleeding afterward.
It is not advisable to delay seeing a doctor, because sexually transmitted diseases can be treated. The earlier it is detected and treated, the better and faster it will be recovered.
2. There are polyps growing
Apparently, small polyps in the cervix can cause bleeding after sex. The skin on the cervix becomes very thin and can bleed from polyps.
Reported Verywell Health, bleeding during or after sex triggered by benign growths on the cervix (cervical polyps) or uterus (endometrial polyps). Cervical polyps usually appear in women aged 40-50 years.
On the other hand, uterine polyps are soft lumps of tissue that protrude from inside the uterus. Uterine polyps generally develop in women aged 36-55 years. Although most polyps are benign, they can develop into cancer.
3. Triggered by yeast and bacterial infections
quote Cosmopolitan, yeast or fungal and bacterial infections can trigger inflammation in the delicate tissue that lines blood vessels. When this tissue is inflamed, these blood vessels are more susceptible to micro-tears and bleeding. This is common in women under the age of 40 after having sex.
For information, the symptoms of yeast infection are vaginal discharge and itching. Meanwhile, the symptoms of a bacterial infection are foul-smelling discharge and itching. Yeast infections can be treated with antifungal medications and bacterial infections require antibiotics as soon as possible.
Also read: Leucorrhoea with green liquid, what causes it?
4. Caused by atrophic vaginitis
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Women who enter the postmenopausal phase will have reduced estrogen levels and cause the vaginal walls to thin. As a result, the mucus produced as a lubricant for sex becomes less.
This condition, known as atrophic vaginitis, is characterized by itching and burning of the vagina. Without lubricant, the vagina will be dry, sore, and bloody during intercourse. Atrophic vaginitis can be treated with estrogen therapy, either in pill form, patches skin, or cream.
Generally, atrophic vaginitis is experienced by women aged 45-55 years Healthline. Younger women can also experience it, but bleeding is rare postcoital (bleeding that occurs after sexual intercourse and is not related to menstruation).
5. Caused by endometriosis
Apparently, endometriosis can cause vaginal bleeding. This is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus is found in organs outside the uterus. Women with endometriosis experience irregular bleeding or spotting after sex.
Meanwhile, the hallmark of endometriosis is painful sex and orgasm and bleeding postcoital. This condition is treated with effective hormone therapy to reduce pain.
Pain due to endometriosis can also be overcome by changing sex positions. Avoid the missionary position because it can add pressure to the vagina.
6. Could be a sign of pregnancy
Apparently, according to American Pregnancy Association, bleeding after sex can be a sign of pregnancy. This is because the cervix is very soft and sensitive during pregnancy. This bleeding is common in the first trimester.
However, you should be able to differentiate between bleeding due to a sensitive cervix and miscarriage. Bleeding usually occurs only occasionally with a light intensity and small volume. However, if the bleeding occurs continuously with heavy intensity in large quantities, then you need to see a gynecologist.
7. Maybe, this is a sign of cervical cancer
Lastly, bleeding after sex may be a sign of cervical cancer. This occurs because there are changes or abnormalities in the cervix.
There are many factors that change the cervix, such as inflammation, infection, to changes or growth of cancer cells. Therefore, early detection of cervical cancer can be pursued by routinely carrying out PAP smear.
Do not underestimate cervical cancer, because in 2018, there were 570 thousand women diagnosed with cervical cancer every year. This data is taken from a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO).
These are some of the causes of bleeding during or after sex. If you experience it, especially if you have the symptoms mentioned above, you should check with your doctor to get an accurate diagnosis. If there is a problem, then you can immediately get treatment.
Also read: 7 kinds of lumps in the vagina, recognize the characteristics before it’s too late