Before Menstruation, Women Can Experience Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder that is More Extreme than PMS! – So far, people are more familiar with premenstrual syndrome or PMS. Actually there is another condition that is more extreme than the premenstrual syndrome, namely premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is similar to PMS, which also involves physical complaints and mood swings. However, PMDD is more severe.

PMDD causes drastic mood swings, major depression, irritability, or anxiety for a week or two before your period.

Women of reproductive age are susceptible to this disorder, affecting 5% to 10% of them.

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Symptoms of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

stomachache illustration.  (Pexels/Sora Shimazaki)
stomachache illustration. (Pexels/Sora Shimazaki)

Based on News Medical Life SciencePMDD symptoms can include anger, suicidal thoughts, panic attacks, crying, mood swings, and sleep problems.

Women who experience it are also at risk of losing interest in relationships and daily activities. They also feel tired all the time.

However, their appetite will increase and experience brain fog. They feel they have lost control of their bodies and minds.

While physical signs can include enlarged breasts, cramps and pain, bloating, headaches, to muscle or joint pain.

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Inflammation of the skin, itching, acne breakouts, or other skin problems, can be another physical symptom. In fact, some women complain of headaches, dizziness, fainting, numbness, tingling, to a prickly sensation.

These symptoms can reduce feelings of well-being and interfere with daily activities.

What causes PMDD?

Experts don’t know for sure what causes it, but they suspect it’s related to hormonal fluctuations.

It’s also likely due to shifts in serotonin levels that change during the menstrual cycle. Some women respond more sensitively and intensely to such changes.

In addition, women who have been diagnosed with depression or anxiety are at risk for experiencing extreme PMS symptoms. In these cases, the underlying psychological distress must be treated.