BKKBN Reveals the Challenges of Reproductive Health Education for Adolescents, What are they?

Suara.com – The National Population and Family Planning Agency (BKKBN) said that providing reproductive health education to adolescents has its own challenges.

“When we can’t take care of it (reproductive health) properly, of course we will fall into things that have a negative impact,” said Deputy for Family Planning and Reproductive Health (KBKR) BKKBN Eni Gustina.

Eni emphasized that a low understanding of reproductive health can lead to low productivity of human resources in a country, a decrease in women’s values, including a lack of knowledge about nutrition.

In Indonesia itself, the reproductive health status of adolescents is still a concern. This is due to the difficulty of providing education to teenagers due to a number of irregularities committed.

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teenager illustration.  (Shutterstock)
teenager illustration. (Shutterstock)

Eni said that one in nine women in Indonesia married before the age of 18. Meanwhile, half a million births occur between the ages of 15 and 19. This means that many children under the age of 20 have married at the age of a child, which is still understandable in some areas.

This condition causes one third of the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) to come from among young women. This is because pregnancy at an immature adolescent age can affect the growth of the child, the baby’s birth weight, the risk of developing hypertension during pregnancy, anemia and the birth of a stunted baby.

“We get data from the Ministry of Religion that around 48 percent of married women are still under 20 years old. Then as a result, at the age of 15-19 years, births increase and one of them that is still a problem in Indonesia is HIV/AIDS,” said Eni.

In addition to child marriage, free sex is another problem that causes the country to have to deal with many unwanted pregnancies by a mother. Through free sex, many young women have abortions, suffer from anemia or malnutrition, thereby increasing the risk of death for both mother and baby.

According to Eni, the lack of understanding related to reproductive health often makes many young men convince their girlfriends to have sex, arguing that having sex once will not lead to pregnancy.

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In fact, without the use of contraceptives such as condoms, pregnancy in women can be vulnerable to occur because of the fertile period in the menstrual cycle.