Causes, Symptoms, and Risks of Long-Term Effects that Can Appear – As an athlete who has intense physical activity, of course there are health and injury risks. The latest, referring to the incident experienced by MotoGP racer, Marc Marquez, was related to the concussion he experienced after falling during the Mandalika MotoGP warm-up session.

In this short article, we will discuss a little about the causes, symptoms, and long-term effects that appear in someone who has had a concussion. Armed with this knowledge, hopefully everyone can be more careful and able to take the right steps when something similar happens.

Causes of Concussion

In general, a concussion is caused by an impact on the head of a person that is hard enough, so that the effects can be felt all the way to the internal organs. A concussion occurs when the brain moves inside the skull, due to a hard impact.

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The brain is then traumatized, and cannot function properly.

In general, the causes are as follows.

  • fall
  • Sports injuries
  • Insufficient head safety equipment
  • Accident while driving
  • Collision with a blunt object

In essence, a concussion is always triggered by an impact on the head area that is quite hard, and triggers movement in that part of the brain and interferes with its function.

dizzy person illustration [pexels/Andrea Piacquadio]
Illustration of concussion symptoms. (Pexels/Andrea Piacquadio)

Recognizing Early Symptoms

Although caused by a blow to the head, but not all can be called a concussion. Concussion, when experienced by a person, must cause symptoms that are quite pronounced. Some of them are as follows.

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  • Feeling confused
  • Disturbance in speech
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Trouble with balance
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to noise
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Short term memory loss
  • Difficult to concentrate
  • Depression
  • Having trouble sleeping
  • Slow response to answer questions

Beware of the Long-Term Effects

When the symptoms as mentioned above appear after a blow to the head, it could be that the person has a concussion. Treatment by professional medical personnel must be given immediately, to avoid long-term effects such as those that may occur below.

  • Changes in smell and taste sensations
  • Appears anxiety, psychological problems in the long term
  • The emergence of concussion syndrome
  • Structural brain injury
  • Dementia

By knowing a little about concussion above, hopefully it can be useful information for you. Ensure the best protection while on the move, and always put safety first!