Dry Cough, Fatigue Quickly, Until Muscle and Joint Pain

Suara.com – Long COVID-19 is a term for a series of symptoms experienced by COVID-19 survivors after recovering.

According to Dr. Amira Anwar, Sp.P, FAPSR, from the Indonesian Doctors Association, to confirm the diagnosis of post-COVID-19 or “long covid” symptoms, COVID-19 survivors are advised to consult a doctor and carry out several examinations such as repeated PCR tests, blood tests, radiology, cardiac records, and pulmonary function tests. This examination is useful to help establish a diagnosis, in order to deal with post-COVID-19 symptoms that are still being felt.

Post-COVID-19 symptoms include cough with phlegm/dry, shortness of breath, limited activity, fatigue, headache, muscle and joint pain, changes in taste and smell, mood changes, chest pain, sore throat, and abnormalities in examination results. laboratory and radiology. The symptoms most complained of were coughing and loss of the sense of taste and smell about 32 percent.

Amira described three actors that influence the risk of lung damage in post-COVID-19 patients. First, the severity of the disease. Did the patient experience mild, moderate, or severe symptoms when infected with COVID-19. Patients with mild symptoms are less likely to have long-lasting injuries/scars in the lung tissue

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Illustration of the Corona Covid-19 virus.  (Doc. Envato)
Illustration of the Corona Covid-19 virus. (Doc. Envato)

Second, health conditions. Does the patient have comorbid diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or heart disease that may increase the risk of the disease getting worse. Older people are also more susceptible to severe cases of COVID-19. This is related to lung tissue that has experienced aging (degenerative) so that the condition is more inflexible when compared to lung tissue in someone who is younger.

Third, treatment measures. The patient’s recovery and long-term lung health will depend on what type of treatment they receive, and how quickly treatment is administered. In patients with severe symptoms, proper treatment while in hospital can minimize lung damage.

“There are 6 groups that are susceptible to post COVID-19 syndrome, namely female sex, age over 50 years, having more than five symptoms when infected, white ethnicity, having comorbidities, and obesity,” he said.

Usually, patients with post-COVID-19 respiratory syndrome are given two types of therapy, namely pharmacological therapy through drugs given according to symptoms to reduce cough and shortness of breath, as well as vitamins. The second therapy is non-pharmacological such as pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, psychotherapy, exercise according to ability and nutrition.

“Therefore, patients are strongly advised to consult a doctor and carry out evaluations one, three, and six months after being declared cured of COVID-19,” he said.

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There are several things you can do to reduce the risk of lung damage. First, avoid the possibility of being exposed to the virus by implementing 5M, namely maintaining hand hygiene, wearing masks, maintaining distance, staying away from crowds, and reducing mobility. Especially if you have a comorbid disease. A person with comorbidities should as much as possible manage their health problems as well as possible. Keep blood sugar levels under control, take medication regularly if you have heart problems, and so on.