Early detection is not massive yet, heart disease is still the biggest cause of death in Indonesia

Suara.com – Early detection of heart disease is important not only to prevent death, but also to reduce the risk of death.

Unfortunately, early detection and treatment are the main problems of congenital heart disease (CHD) because of the uneven distribution of facilities in Indonesia so that many cases end in death.

“Public awareness of the importance of screening is not massive, plus there are not many cardio centers capable of screening for congenital heart disease,” said a heart and blood vessel specialist, dr. Radityo Prakoso, Sp.JP(K).

Based on data from the Indonesian Association of Cardiovascular Specialists (PERKI), the incidence of CHD in Indonesia is estimated at 43,200 cases out of 4.8 million live births (9: 1,000 live births) annually. 30 percent of them show symptoms in the first weeks of life in which most CHD patients are neglected or not treated properly. CHD can be caused by malnutrition or infection experienced during pregnancy.

Also Read:
Treated in Jakarta, 2-year-old toddler with heart disease from West Sumatra needs a helping hand

illustration of heart disease, heart attack.  (Shutterstock(
illustration of heart disease, heart attack. (Shutterstock)

He said, along with technological advances in the medical field, especially in the field of pediatric cardiology intervention, some children with CHD no longer need to undergo surgery or open surgery.

The method of choice for treating certain cases of CHD is an interventional procedure using a catheter. Interventions using catheters have several advantages, including relatively lower risk or complications, shorter hospital stay and recovery time, and lower costs. In addition, the processing time of the action is also shorter.

In the CSR program of the Heartology Cardiovascular Center and Brawijaya Hospital Saharjo in collaboration with the Indonesian Heart Foundation (YJI), a team of heart and blood vessel specialists, namely dr. Radityo Prakoso, Sp.JP(K) and dr. Ario Soeryo Kuncoro, Sp.JP(K) treats pediatric patients with congenital heart disease.

They performed three procedures, namely two PDA (Patent Ductus Arteriosus) Closure procedures for a 9-month-old baby, and 1 ASD (Atrial Septal Defect) Closure procedure for an 8-year-old child. This procedure is performed using pure imaging aids from echocardiography.

PDA is a condition in which the blood vessels that connect the aorta and the pulmonary arteries remain open. Then, the hole is closed using a PDA closing device. Meanwhile, ASD is a condition where there is a hole in the atria of the heart that causes abnormal blood flow, which is then closed with an ASD closure device.

Also Read:
Proper Management of Congenital Heart Disease Can Increase Patients’ Life Expectancy

Radityo explained that this catheter intervention was carried out using the zero fluoroscopy method, without radiation. Radiation can have long-lasting effects on patients, doctors and the catheterization laboratory team.