Get to know 7 causes of mumps that need to be watched out for and how to deal with them – Not a few of you who read this article have ever known about goiter. Diseases that make the thyroid gland enlarge, and cause a lump in the neck can be seen visually easily.

But what are the triggers or causes of goiter? Then is there a way to treat it?

The causes and methods of treatment will be discussed in the next section. But what needs to be understood, the thyroid gland itself is a producer of thyroid hormones that function to keep the body functioning normally. So there is nothing wrong with its existence.

Then What Triggers Swelling and Becomes Mumps?

Also Read:
Get to know the thyroid and diseases that can occur in the glandular organ

Well, the question then arises, what causes this gland to enlarge and become a goiter?

At least there are several things that can trigger it.

  1. Iodine deficiency, the thyroid gland requires iodine intake to produce thyroid hormone. When the intake is not met, then these glands are difficult to work and experience enlargement.
  2. Excessive consumption of foods, such as soybeans, spinach, to even tofu.
  3. Graves’ disease, this disease occurs when the thyroid gland is overactive in producing hormones. The body will respond by attacking this gland, and make it enlarged.
  4. Hashimoto’s disease is a condition in which the pituitary gland overstimulates the thyroid gland, causing it to enlarge.
  5. Cancer, thyroid cancer can trigger swelling of the existing thyroid gland.
  6. Pregnancy conditions due to the production of the HCG hormone can also trigger this disease.
  7. Smoking habits because cigarettes contain thiocyanate which affects the body’s ability to absorb iodine.
Lump on Child's Neck.  (Pexels)
Illustration of a lump on the neck of a child, goiter (Pexels)

Treatment Methods That Can Be a Solution

After knowing what the triggers are, of course it’s a good idea to know about what can be a way to treat this goiter.

First, can be given levothyroxine. This drug is used to treat goiter with low thyroid hormone.

Also Read:
The Importance of Meeting Iodine for Pregnant Women

Secondcan be given antithyroid drugs when the goiter is caused by too high thyroid hormone.

Third, surgical removal of the thyroid. This operation is often an option when the size of the goiter is too large and is already causing problems. Of course, this operation must be under the supervision of a doctor.

Fourth, thyroid nuclear therapy. This therapy is done to destroy thyroid cells so that the size of the goiter can be reduced. But the risk, can cause hypothyroidism.

That was a little information about goiter, related triggers and how to overcome them. Hopefully it can be useful information, and congratulations on continuing your activities.

Contributors: I Made Rendika Ardian