Get to know Plant Stanol Ester, Easy Solution to Eat Delicious Without Fear of Cholesterol

Suara.com – High cholesterol is one of the causes of an increased risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Unfortunately, not a few people ignore high cholesterol levels, in order to eat well. Wow!

dr. Sheena R. Angelia, M.Gizi, SpGK, a clinical nutrition specialist at Siloam Hospital Kebon Jeruk said that currently, there is a solution for you to be able to eat well without fear of cholesterol, which is called plant stanol ester. What’s that?

dr. Sheena said consuming adequate amounts of plant stanol esters to help control cholesterol levels in the body. To get effective results in lowering cholesterol, it is recommended to consume 2-3 grams of plant stanols every day. Unfortunately, getting 2-3 grams of plant stanol every day is not easy.

As an illustration, when consuming 161 grams of almonds or 120 grams of cashews we only get 100 milligrams of plant stanols. Some vegetables and fruits contain even less plant stanols. This of course becomes more difficult for people who do not like to eat fruits and vegetables.

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Illustration of cholesterol clogging blood vessels.  (Shutterstock)
Illustration of cholesterol clogging blood vessels. (Shutterstock)

“Actually, stanols and sterols are dietary fibers found in plants, and they function to stabilize membranes, and to form chemical substances in plants. Stanols and sterols are bioactive components, which have a function and structure similar to cholesterol, but differ slightly in their biochemical sequence. This stanol is not soluble in water, so it requires an esterification process in the absorption process, that’s why it is called plant stanol ester. With a structure similar to cholesterol, plant stanol esters can help reduce cholesterol absorption in the body,” said dr. Sheena in a statement received by Suara.com.

There are several ways plant stanol esters work to help lower cholesterol levels in the body. First, in the intestines, plant stanol esters will compete with cholesterol during the cholesterol absorption process, so that when we consume plant stanol esters, there will be less
Cholesterol from food is absorbed into intestinal cells.

Second, after absorption into intestinal cells, plant stanol esters also help remove cholesterol back into the intestinal cavity, so that it can be excreted through feces (feces), while what enters the lymph vessels will be sent to the liver.

Third, plant stanol esters also improve the performance of the carrier media that helps the excretion of cholesterol from the liver back into the intestine. The result of this series of processes makes the body absorb cholesterol in less amount.

This process is what causes plant stanol esters to help us manage cholesterol levels, especially those who suffer from hypercholesterolemia.

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However, it is actually not only people who have hypercholesterolemic conditions who need plant stanol esters. People who have normal cholesterol levels also need to consume it as an effort to prevent hypercholesterolemia in later life.