Getting to Know Labor with the Episiotomy Method for Childbirth, Here’s the Procedure!

Suara.com – Childbirth is a process full of unexpected challenges and some women usually need additional help. One of the medical procedures needed when giving birth is an episiotomy.

An episiotomy is a common procedure that involves an incision at the vaginal opening. This episiotomy is designed to help with difficult deliveries and prevent rupture or tearing of the delicate tissues.

Through an Instagram post, an expert reveals what the procedure actually looks like and when to use it.

Nikki Jurcutz, first aider and CEO of childcare organization Tiny Hearts Education, said the procedure was carried out using special sharp scissors.

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“An episiotomy is performed to prevent severe damage to the mother’s perineum, lower or anterior compartment [area di mana uretra dan klitoris berada],” said Nikki Jurcutz quoted from The Sun.

Episiotomy is a procedure that is not routinely recommended. So, only pregnant women with special conditions that require such medical action.

Nikki said that one of the main reasons for an episiotomy is when the mother gives birth by vacuum or forceps.

Illustration of a pregnant woman (pexels/Matilda Wormwood)
Illustration of a pregnant woman (pexels/Matilda Wormwood)

The NHS states that this is known as an assisted delivery and will only be used if it is necessary for you and your baby.

This method of delivery is required in about one to eight births. This action can be done if you have health problems, such as high blood pressure.

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You may also need it if there is a problem with your baby’s heartbeat or if the baby is in an inappropriate position.

Nikki adds that an episiotomy may be performed if the mother’s vaginal area shows significant signs of stress.

You may also need an episiotomy, if the baby is getting more stressed and needs to be delivered immediately, as this will speed up delivery.

If you have shoulder dystocia, where your baby’s shoulder is against your pelvic bone, then you may also need an episiotomy.

Prior to the episiotomy, Nikki said the doctor or midwife should inject your perineum with a local anesthetic to numb the area.

“An episiotomy can only be done with consent, so it’s important to discuss with your care provider beforehand about your pregnancy,” she explains.

Generally, the episiotomy is cut to the size of the mother’s right hand at an angle between 30-60 degrees.

“If the incision is made straight down, there is a risk that it could extend downwards. It’s also important to know that an episiotomy is not easy to perform,” he says.