Knowing Two Types of Liver Cancer, Are the Levels of Malignancy Different?

Suara.com – Liver cancer aka liver cancer is a chronic disease that has a high risk of death. Did you know that there are two types of liver cancer?

Basically liver cancer is divided into two types, namely primary liver cancer and metastatic liver cancer.

Liver cancer is caused by various factors, not only excessive alcohol consumption but can also be due to the accumulation of fat accumulation in the liver which is closely related to obesity and diabetes.

Primary liver cancer is cancer that occurs from normal liver cells turning into abnormal cells while metastatic liver cancer is liver cancer that originates from the spread of cancer from other organs such as the colon, lung or breast. The most common primary liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

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Illustration of liver disease / liver disease.  (shutterstock)
Illustration of liver disease / liver disease. (shutterstock)

Data from the Global Cancer Observatory (Globocan) 2020 noted that liver cancer is one of the four most common causes of cancer death in Indonesia.

The majority of patients with primary liver cancer in the world have chronic liver diseases such as liver cirrhosis, which is the formation of scar tissue in the liver due to chronic disease.

Doctor Hendra Nurjadin, SpPD, KGEH – Consultant Gastroenterology-Hepatology Specialist, Mayapada Hospital Tangerang explained that liver cirrhosis is not only caused by excessive alcohol consumption, in many cases cirrhosis is found to be caused by liver disease that is not related to alcohol or is called Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) is the accumulation of fat in the liver, which is associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

“Hepatitis B and C infections that often occur in Indonesia are also the cause of many liver cirrhosis which can increase the risk of liver cancer cases, where in fact hepatitis B can be prevented by vaccination and hepatitis C can be easily treated, it only takes 3 months with drugs. -new anti-viral drugs,” said dr. Hendra.

Like other cancer cases, being diagnosed early is the key to treating liver cancer.

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The choice of liver cancer therapy depends on the stage of liver cancer. The smaller the tumor size and the lower the stage of the cancer, as well as liver function and good health condition, the liver cancer can be operated on.