Obese children also need to do a diet, here’s advice from the doctor

Suara.com – Not only adults, obesity can also occur since childhood. If that’s the case, a diet to lose weight needs to be done so that children don’t experience complications from diseases due to obesity conditions.

Pediatrician Dr. Winra Pratita, Sp.A(K) said complications due to obesity in children can occur from head to toe.

Starting from depression, heart disease, fatty liver, hypertension, knee joint pain, to X-shaped legs.

Doctor Winra recommends that parents always direct obese children to diet slowly by slightly reducing the number of calories from their diet.

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“We first calculate how many calories we have entered so far. For example, 3,000 calories, we first reduce 200-500 calories,” said doctor Winra in the World Obesity Day webinar with the Ministry of Health, Wednesday (2/3/2022).

He reminded, children do not need to follow a strict diet because it is still in its infancy and development.

According to him, a safe diet target for children is only 0.5 kg per week or 2 kg per month. Body weight also does not have to immediately reach the ideal number.

Thus, the child’s diet must remain nutritionally balanced, including 50-60 percent carbohydrates, 30 percent fat, and 15-20 percent protein.

“The type of food must also be acceptable to the child, don’t be forced to eat food that you don’t like. It must be high in fiber because it will help regulate body weight and fill you up, thereby reducing hunger,” he suggested.

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Parents also need to know a list of foods that should be avoided or should only be eaten once a week by children. The dietary arrangement of the diet was divided into three color categories.

Doctor Winra describes the three colors of food that should be avoided and should be eaten.

1. Red Food

donuts. [Shutterstock]
donuts. [Shutterstock]

Composition: contains few vitamins and minerals but high in energy, sugar, salt, and fat.

Processing: Usually this type of food is processed by frying, processed meats with high fat, desserts with milk-based ingredients, and using a lot of sugar.

Examples: french fries, sausages, sweet cakes, chocolate bars, packaged drinks, boba drinks, chicken nuggets, donuts, and others.

Time of consumption: can only be eaten 1x a week in limited quantities.

2. Yellow Food

Cheese illustration (Unsplash/@mhassouna931)
Cheese illustration (Unsplash/@mhassouna931)

Composition: foods that contain vitamins, minerals, sugar, salt, saturated fat, and energy in moderate amounts.

Processing: processed meats low in fat and salt, processed breads and cereals, high-fat dairy products, low-fat milk and fruit juices without added sugar.

Examples: pork, bread cereals, cheese, pancakes, sweet biscuits.

Meal time: may be consumed in small portions, but not every day.

3. Green Food

Illustration of Walnuts (pexels)
Illustration of Peanuts (pexels)

Composition: foods high in vitamins, minerals and fiber. But low in energy, sugar, salt, and saturated fat.

Processing: low-fat dairy products, vegetables, fruit, nuts, whole grain breads, lean meats and fish.

Examples: low-fat yogurt, baked beans, fruit and vegetable juices, skinless chicken, canned tuna, beef, lean pork or lamb.

Meal time: can be eaten every day.