Osing Banyuwangi Culture 2022, Traditions, Customs and Languages

The Osing Banyuwangi tribe is an indigenous Banyuwangi tribe that still adheres to its customs and culture to this day.

Banyuwangi is a district located on the eastern tip of Java Island. Besides having beautiful tourist destinations, Banyuwangi also still has indigenous people who have strong customs and culture.

If you are on vacation in Banyuwangi, don’t forget to stop by Kemiren Village, because there you will find the Osing Banyuwangi Tribe

Banyuwangi Osing Tribe at a Glance

The Osing Banyuwangi tribe is a native of Banyuwangi. They occupy several sub-districts in Banyuwangi such as Rogojampi, Kemiren, Sempu, Gelagah, and many others.

This tribe also has a strong culture and customs and is still maintained to this day. The daily life of this tribe is mostly farming and gardening. Previously this tribe adhered to Hinduism as in the era of the Majapahit Kingdom. However, as the spread of Islam entered Indonesia, not a few embraced Islam.

History and Origin of the Name

The Osing tribe or the Osing people are a native of Banyuwangi, also known as Laros, an acronym for Lare Osing or Wong Blambangan. Osing itself means “no”. The nickname Osing was not necessarily the desire of the Blambangan people, but rather an expression of the Dutch people’s frustration because they failed to persuade the Blambangan people to cooperate.

Because the Blambangan people at that time tended to withdraw from new people and preferred to isolate themselves. However, following the times, that attitude began to fade and began to accept the changing times.

Initially, it was the collapse of the Majaphit Kingdom during the civil war around 1478 AD, as well as the growth of Islamic kingdoms. These kingdoms, especially the Malacca Kingdom, accelerated the collapse of the Majapahit Kingdom.

After experiencing the collapse, the people of Majapahit went to save themselves and start a new life. They spread to various areas such as on the slopes of Mount Bromo which is now known as the Tengger Tribe, Blambangan known as the Osing Tribe and Bali.

After that, the people who fled to Blambangan founded the Blambangan Kingdom which became the last Hindu-Buddhist kingdom. This historical closeness can be seen from the culture of the Osing Tribe who founded a kingdom with the style of Majapahit Kingdom.

The people known as the Osing Tribe also believe that Alas Purwo or better known as Alas Purwo National Park is a hiding place for the Majapahit people from the pursuit of the Mataram Kingdom.

The Islamic Mataram Kingdom in its history has never expanded its power to establish its power in the Blambanagan Kingdom. Because of these factors, the Osing people have a different culture from the Javanese, and the Osing people are even more likely to have similarities with the Balinese. This can be seen from the similarity of the building structure with traditional houses in Bali.

Language

The Osing tribe has its own language, namely the Osing language. This language is also more like the Old Javanese dialect and different from the Javanese dialect in general. Like the use of Paran (what) isun (me) and many others.

Osing Tribe kinship

The main principle of kinship is kinship. However, in social life, it appears to have layers or strata.

Fractional eye

Most of the people of Osing have a livelihood in farming and gardening, and a small part as civil servants, traders, and the like.

Trust

In the past, the Osing tribe had the same belief as the Majapahit people, namely embracing Hindu-Buddhist beliefs. But along with the rapid development of the Islamic empire that spread, causing the rapid spread of Islam among the Osing tribes who accepted it. However, not a few people in Osing still adhere to the beliefs taught by their ancestors.

Custom home

The traditional house of the Osing tribe is in the village of Kemiren. This traditional house has its uniqueness, namely that this traditional house should not be built facing the mountain, and must face the road.

The hallmark of the traditional house of this tribe is the roof which has three different shapes. The roof is called Tikel Balung, Csrocogan and Baresan. Tikel Balung is the basis or foundation of a building consisting of four roofs (fields).

The Tikel Balungan roof model can usually be found in every resident’s house.
Baresan is a simpler building than Tikel Balung, which only has three rabbis, but Baseran cannot stand as a unit, usually Baseran is built to increase space if the main space is insufficient or family members increase.

While Cerocogan is the simplest type of building of the two previous buildings. Cerocogan is not a core building, usually Cerocogan is used as a kitchen building, or an additional building that is deemed insufficient to shade the house.

Tradition

Like other tribes scattered throughout Indonesia, the Osing tribe also has a unique tradition that is still preserved to this day.

foreign language

The daily life of this community uses the Osing language. Given today’s many young people who can not even do not know their customary language. In addition, they also have their own traditional songs and use the Osing language of course.

Gedhogan Tradition

The Gedhgan tradition is an association of mothers who pound crops such as flour and rice. That way the impact of the masher produces a sound that has a regular tempo. And set a good tone.

Indeed, this mashing tool is very rarely used, but it is still preserved and becomes a spectacle for tourists or tourists who come.

Barong Ider Bumi

This tradition aims to reject logs that come to this area. Some of the waraga form a barongan group that goes around from east to west like a carnival procession. This tradition is carried out once a year, namely every second day of the month of Shawwal.

Uniquely, in the middle of the procession, many residents threw coins aimed at refusing to come to their territory. But even though the coins can usually be collected up to 15 million, even more.

Village Clean Tradition

This village clean tradition is carried out after they have successfully harvested agricultural products as a form of their gratitude. In this tradition, the community serves Banyuwangi special food, namely Pecel Pitik. Foods containing shredded chicken and vegetables are anointed using grated coconut.

Mattress

The tradition of mepe mattresses or drying mattresses has become a tradition for the Osing people. Usually mepe mattress is done by many people if the mattress is wet. But not for the people of Osing. This unique tradition is usually carried out every month of Dzulhijjah and is carried out in conjunction with the village salvation event.

People will dry their mattresses together because they believe this tradition can maintain family harmony and harmony. Uniquely, every mattress in this village has the same color, namely red and black. This color symbolizes the rejection of reinforcements and the continuity of family life.

Playing Angklung Paglak

Playing Angklung Paglak is done when the harvest season arrives, the goal is to entertain the farmers who are harvesting their crops. At the same time calling people to help farmers harvest. This tradition upholds the value of gotong royong.

Address

You can visit Osing Tourism Village which is located in Kemiren Village, Glagah District, Banyuwangi, East Java.

Price of admission

The price for the entrance ticket to Osing village is quite affordable, only by paying Rp. 5,000, you can enjoy tourism in Osing Village.

Facility

It’s different like other tourist attractions. This tourist spot not only has facilities such as toilets, and parking places, but here has facilities for various kinds of platforms that you can visit, such as dance studios which usually serve regional dances that tourists can enjoy.

In addition, this village also has lodging facilities that you can rent. To rent this inn, it is enough to pay IDR 165,000 / night. This accommodation contains 2 people. Even this inn has a traditional house design, so you can feel the sensation of staying at the Osing traditional house.

QnA

The following are questions related to the life of the indigenous Banyuwangi tribe:

Conclusion

Tourist attractions that are different from other tourist attractions are Kemiren Village. In this village you can see the daily life of the Banyuwangi Osing Tribe which is still preserved.