Various Facts About Insomnia, a Sleep Disorder That Can Affect Anyone

Suara.com – Insomnia is one of the most common sleep disorders and can affect anyone. Let’s look at the discussion about this disease.

Quoted from worldsleepday, insomnia is a disorder that is difficult to sleep or easy to wake up when you are asleep.

The characteristics of you experiencing insomnia are when you have difficulty sleeping or have difficulty falling asleep, have difficulty sleeping for at least seven hours every night, there are symptoms of fatigue, drowsiness and/or difficulty concentrating the next day. Be aware that you have insomnia if you have difficulty taking a nap even though your body feels tired, and it is also difficult to fall back asleep after waking up.

Insomnia can be caused by heredity. However, certain medications and health conditions can predispose people to insomnia. About 50 percent of patients with insomnia have mood disorders such as depression and/or anxiety.

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Illustration of insomnia, insomnia.  (Shutterstock)
Illustration of insomnia, insomnia. (Shutterstock)

Quoted from the NHS, common causes of insomnia apart from stress, anxiety or depression include an unfavorable atmosphere such as noise, rooms that are too cold or hot, uncomfortable mattresses, intake of alcohol, caffeine and nicotine to jet lag.

Insomnia can get worse with age. Because, the older a person, the stage of “deep sleep” also decreases. Insomnia can also begin to be experienced by 10-15 percent of women who have menopause.

Do sleeping pills help insomnia? Sleeping pills can help, but they are not the only solution. A person experiencing insomnia should undergo Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) without or in conjunction with the use of sleeping pills.

Try changing your sleep pattern to treat insomnia. An hour before bedtime, relax by reading a book or taking a warm bath. Make sure the room is dark and quiet, close the curtains or wear eye patches and earplugs if needed. Make time for regular exercise every day, and make sure the mattress, pillows and sheets are really comfortable.

You should not smoke, drink alcohol, tea and coffee at least six hours before bedtime. It is also not recommended to eat big at night, exercise in close proximity to bedtime, watch television or bright light-emitting devices.

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The longer insomnia is left, the more difficult it is to control the disorder. Insomnia is called chronic if it lasts more than three months. Consult a doctor if insomnia does not go away and has a negative impact on daily life. [ANTARA]