Wastewater Can Help Detect the Corona Covid-19 Virus, Experts Reveal the Benefits

Suara.com – Since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, scientists have been working hard to develop tools to detect the Covid-19 coronavirus, especially in waste disposal areas or toilets.

Testing and monitoring waste disposal areas is the most effective way to track the spread of the Covid-19 coronavirus.

In an effort to detect the Covid-19 corona virus, several countries including the US, Australia and India have used this method in waste disposal areas.

Therefore, it is important to understand what waste area surveillance is, how it works and why it is an integral part of managing the Covid-19 coronavirus crisis.

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Sewage testing has proven to be an effective and fast way to track the presence of viruses, bacteria and other pathogens in wastewater.

toilet illustration [elements.envato]
Toilet illustration, waste [elements.envato]

Because it was quoted from Times of IndiaWastewater surveillance is the process of checking wastewater or the water we flush down our toilets on a regular basis for contaminants and viral particles.

Although the virus cannot live without its host cell, this technique involves searching for the genetic material or RNA fragments of the Covid-19 coronavirus in wastewater.

The use of this method was first recognized by researchers at Yale University in the 1960s. It was then that scientists tried to analyze and assess the effectiveness of the polio vaccination.

Another study conducted by Israeli researchers found poliovirus in feces 9 days before the identification of the first polio case.

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Those infected with the Covid-19 coronavirus have viral fragments that they excrete or excrete in the form of body fluids or feces about two to three days after infection.

After entering the exhaust system, the coronavirus slowly disintegrates, leaving behind fragments of genetic material or RNA. Then, the fragments are filtered and isolated from wastewater to track the presence of the coronavirus.

Detection of the Covid-19 corona virus through a saliva swab is a safe way. But given that virus fragments cannot survive without a host and can be broken down by all the chemicals in wastewater as well as through sewage treatment processes, the fragments may no longer be infectious but can be detected.

As far as effectiveness is concerned, a US study estimates that wastewater surveillance can detect one Covid-19 coronavirus infection for every 100 people to a minimum. The best that can be done is to detect up to one infection per two million people.

The Benefits of Detecting the Corona Covid-19 Virus Through Waste

Although testing for the Covid-19 corona virus through antigen testing and RT PCR remains the most effective way.

Wastewater sampling can help monitor and track the large-scale spread of the COVID-19 coronavirus.

Since testing everyone in a community is impossible, wastewater surveillance helps collect efficient community samples from communities that do not have Covid-19 coronavirus testing facilities.

This method also helps to get information about the epidemic situation of infectious diseases such as the coronavirus.