Suara.com – Stevens Johnson syndrome or SJS is a rare and rare skin hypersensitivity reaction, which causes sufferers to develop severe rashes and blisters.
If the symptoms have arisen, it is often very annoying, even making it difficult for the user to grip until they walk because of the blisters on the skin. So that when symptoms occur, SJS first aid is needed.
As is known, some time ago it went viral on TikTok, a woman named Afina Syfa, a positive Covid-19 patient who was suspected of having SJS after taking the paracetamol Panadol and fluimucil drugs.
Skin and Gender Specialist dr. Arini Astasari Widodo, SpKk said, when the symptoms of SJS appear, immediately seek treatment from a dermatologist or medical officer in charge.
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“Stevens Johnson syndrome is a life-threatening emergency that requires hospitalization and is often in intensive care or a burn unit. So it’s best to go to the hospital immediately,” said dr. Arini told Suara.com, Tuesday (1/3/2022).
In addition to stopping taking drugs that are suspected of triggering a recurrence of SJS, dr. Arini reminded the patient to immediately get medical treatment because it could be life threatening alias death.
“Without treatment, the symptoms can become very severe and life-threatening. Treatment aims to identify the underlying cause, control symptoms and prevent complications,” explained dr. Arini.
Furthermore, the doctor who practices at Dermatologist Jakarta said that usually at the hospital, patients will receive the following medical procedures:
- A strong painkiller, which is to help relieve pain in raw areas of skin.
- A cold, moist compress placed on the skin gently removes dead skin and a sterile dressing is placed over the affected area.
- Regularly apply an unscented moisturizer to the skin.
- Replacing electrolytes with intravenous (IV) fluids.
- Eat high-calorie foods. If necessary, nutrition may be given through a tube that goes through the nose and into the stomach or a nasogastric tube). It aims to speed up healing.
- Using a mouthwash containing an anesthetic or antiseptic, which is to aid in swallowing and temporarily numb the mouth.
- Eye drops or eye ointment, for eye-related symptoms.
- Use antibiotics when needed to prevent infection.
- In some cases, treatment with IV immunoglobulin, cyclosporine, and IV steroids may be necessary.
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